Newts There are only two species of newt found naturally in Suffolk (the third species – the palmate newt is unlikely to be seen here unless you are looking at a population introduced from elsewhere).
Smooth/Common Newt Lissotriton vulgaris formerly Triturus vulgaris
The smooth newt is the smaller of the two species in Suffolk, up to approximately 10 cm. Adults can be found in ponds in the spring. The male (below left) develops an undulating crest running from the head to the tail tip. The female (below centre) has no crest. Both have orange bellies with dark spots. The smooth newt is often found in garden ponds. Outside the breeding season smooth newts live on land, when the skin takes on a velvet-like appearance. Newts found on land are sometimes mistaken for lizards. Newt tadpoles (below right), which can be found in late spring to mid-summer, have feathery gills behind the head.
Great Crested or Warty Newt Triturus cristatus
The great crested newt is larger than the smooth newt, adults usually more than 10 cm long, up to 15 cm or so. The skin is rough in texture and usually has a moist appearance, even when on land. During the spring breeding season the male develops a jagged crest (there is a noticeable break in the crest above the base of the tail, which the smooth newt does not have). The male also has a silvery stripe towards the rear end of the tail. The female does not develop a crest. Both male and female have bright orange bellies with irregularly shaped black blotches. Great crested newts are seldom found in garden ponds in built-up areas, but are more often found in larger ponds in more rural areas.
Common Toad Bufo bufo
The common toad is distinguishable by its warty skin, brown colour and with shorter hind legs than a frog. Males at 8cm in length are smaller than the females, who are around 13cm. Toads lay spawn in the spring in a double row of eggs.
Common Frog Rana temporaria
The common frog is probably the best known of Suffolk's amphibians, having smooth and moist skin with a darker patch behind the eyes. Frogs are about 10cm in length and there are many colour variants from yellow to brown. The hind legs are noticeably longer than the common toad. Frogs lay spawn on February and March.
Natterjack Toad Bufo calamita